How to Make Sure That the Accumulator Unit Does Not Fail in Winter

Problems with batteries are usually noticed by car owners with the onset of cold weather, but it all starts in the summer, what few people suspect.

There are a lot of energy consumers in a modern car, because almost everything located in cars is electrified. This means that a battery needs not just to start an engine, but also to provide power to numerous electronics. Especially acute problems with a car battery manifest themselves at sub-zero temperatures, but even in the warm season, an accumulator unit does not work in ideal conditions.

How to Make Sure That the Accumulator Unit Does Not Fail in Winter photo 2

It is important to understand that it is better to replace even a new battery in 5 years (in some cases earlier, in some cases a little later) in order to be sure of its smooth operation. And it is especially important to monitor the state of a unit, even when it comes to maintenance-free batteries, because those issues that should not be ignored are relevant even for the most modern accumulators. In particular, experts advise you to monitor cleanliness of a battery — remove dirt from a case and clean terminals from oxides, regularly check reliability of a battery and terminals, and do not be lazy to look under the hood from time to time to at least visually assess the condition of an accumulator and the integrity of its body.

How to Make Sure That the Accumulator Unit Does Not Fail in Winter photo 3

It is not recommended to allow a car battery to fully discharge (for example, if you forgot to turn off the lights and left the car with the lights on after the trip), and you should also take care of periodically recharging a unit. The latter is especially true for those who either did not drive for a long time at all, or drive little or for short distances. This does not allow a generator to properly charge a battery.

How to Make Sure That the Accumulator Unit Does Not Fail in Winter photo 4

If your travel schedule involves only periodic trips, remove and charge a car battery once a month. The same is true for situations where a car has been stationary for a long time. It is better to charge a battery through using special chargers and at a service station under the supervision of specialists. For a sure start of an engine, you should disable all additional equipment such as a climate control system, an infotainment system, heating, etc.

But frequent long trips are not the best way to affect the state of a battery, which can be recharged in such conditions. To avoid overcharging a battery, you should use as many electricity consumers as possible — air conditioning, multimedia, charging gadgets, and so on.

How to Make Sure That the Accumulator Unit Does Not Fail in Winter photo 5

You should regularly monitor battery parameters: voltage, charge level, and starting power. As noted in Bosch, the operating voltage in a battery is 13.8-14.5 V, and a fully charged battery, disconnected from loads, in good condition should produce at least 12.6−12.7 V. A vehicle's onboard equipment or even a car alarm or smartphone app will help to track these figures. Some modern devices, if they are installed in your car, allow controlling such parameters.

How to Make Sure That the Accumulator Unit Does Not Fail in Winter photo 6

Summer, especially such abnormally hot, is disastrous for any battery. In the heat, an engine compartment, already hot from a running engine, gets even hotter. High temperature accelerates electrochemical reactions inside a battery, hence a battery discharge. Water actively evaporates in battery acid, which leads to irreversible sulfation of electrodes and accumulator plates covered with a dielectric crystal coating, reducing a battery life. It is impossible to top up this acid in an unattended battery, so you may need to replace such a unit.

How to Make Sure That the Accumulator Unit Does Not Fail in Winter photo 7

However, do not rush to change a battery — perhaps the above tips will help extend the life of your battery and postpone the moment of buying a new one. Although replacing an accumulator unit is an unavoidable process if you intend to continue using your car.

Related News

Sign up or log in to post a comment